Curriculum Vitae

Education

University of Southern California, PhD (in progress), Communication, 2020 [Committee: Larry Gross (chair), Christina Dunbar-Hester, Nina Eliasoph (USC Department of Sociology)]

University of Southern California, MA, Communication, 2018

George Washington University, BA Honors, Political communication, 2014 [Advisor: Kimberly Gross]

Publications

Journal Articles

Billard, Thomas J. “Experimental Evidence for Differences in the Prosocial Effects of Binge-Watched versus Appointment-Viewed Television Programs.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, in press. doi:10.1177/1077699019843856

Billard, Thomas J, and Rachel E Moran. “Networked Political Brands: Consumption, Community, and Political Expression in Contemporary Brand Culture.” Media, Culture & Society, in press. doi:10.1177/0163443719867301

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “(No) Shame in the Game: The Influence of Pornography Viewing on Attitudes Toward Transgender People.” Communication Research Reports 36 (1): 45–56. doi:10.1080/08824096.2018.1549539

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Out of the Tower and Into the Field: Fieldwork as Public Scholarship in the Face of Social Injustice.International Journal of Communication 13: 3512–3528.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Setting the Transgender Agenda: Intermedia Agenda-Setting in the Digital News Environment.” Politics, Groups, and Identities 7 (1): 165–76. doi:10.1080/21565503.2018.1532302

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Attitudes Toward Transgender Men and Women: Development and Validation of a New Measure.” Frontiers in Psychology 9 (387). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00387

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Citizen Typography and Political Brands in the 2016 US Presidential Election Campaign.” Marketing Theory 18 (3): 421–31. doi:10.1177/1470593118763982

Walter, Nathan, Thomas J Billard, and Sheila T. Murphy. 2017. “On the Boundaries of Framing Terrorism: Guilt, Victimization, and the 2016 Orlando Shooting.” Mass Communication and Society 20 (6): 849–68. doi:10.1080/15205436.2017.1334071 [Reprinted in: Media, Terrorism and Society: Perspectives and Trends in the Digital Age, edited by Shahira S. Fahmy. New York, NY: Routledge, 2019.]

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “Fonts of Potential: Areas for Typographic Research in Political Communication.International Journal of Communication 10: 4570–92.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “Writing in the Margins: Mainstream News Media Representations of Transgenderism.” International Journal of Communication 10: 4193–218.

Articles under review

Please contact me for a list of articles currently under peer review or awaiting editorial decisions.

Selected Manuscripts in Preparation

“Movement-Media Relations in the Hybrid Media System: A Case Study from the US Transgender Rights Movement.”

“Once More, With Fieldwork: Rebuilding Qualitative Methods in Communication Research from the Ground Up.” (with Nina Eliasoph)

“Rethinking (and Retheorizing) Transgender Media Representation in the United States: A Roundtable Discussion.” (with Traci B. Abbott, Gillian Branstetter, Oliver L. Haimson, Kelsey N. Whipple, Stephenson Brooks Whitestone, and Erique Zhang)

“The US Transgender Movement as a Hybrid Movement: An Historical Perspective on Social Movement Hybridization.”

Book Chapters

Billard, Thomas J. “News Media Representations of Trans People.” In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Trans Studies, edited by Genny Beemyn and Abbie Goldberg. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, forthcoming.

Billard, Thomas J, and Larry Gross. “LGBT Rights in Media and Culture.” In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, edited by William R. Thompson. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Billard, Thomas J, and Sam Nesfield. “(Re)making ‘Transgender’ Identities in Global Media and Popular Culture.” In Trans Lives in a Global(izing) World: Rights, Identities, and Politics, edited by J. Michael Ryan. New York, NY: Routledge, forthcoming. [pre-print manuscript]

Moran, Rachel E., and Thomas J Billard. “Imagining Resistance to Trump through the Networked Branding of the National Park Service.” In Popular Culture and the Civic Imagination: A Casebook, edited by Henry Jenkins, Sangita Shresthova, and Gabriel Peters-Lazaro. New York, NY: New York University Press, forthcoming. [pre-print manuscript]

Capuzza, Jamie C., Leland G. Spencer, Thomas J Billard, E. Tristan Booth, matthew heinz, Sarah Jones, and Lucy J. Miller. “Transing Communication Education: A Chorus of Voices.” In Queer Communication Pedagogy, edited by Ahmet Atay and Sandra L. Pensoneau-Conway. New York, NY: Routledge, in press.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “‘Passing’ and the Politics of Deception: Transgender Bodies, Cisgender Aesthetics, and the Policing of Inconspicuous Marginal Identities.” In The Palgrave Handbook of Deceptive Communication, edited by Tony Docan-Morgan, 463–77. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jenkins, Henry, and Thomas J Billard (with Samantha Close, Yomna Elsayed, Michelle C. Forelle, Rogelio Lopez, and Emilia Yang). 2018. “Participatory Politics.” In Keywords in Remix Studies, edited by Eduardo Navas, Owen Gallagher, and xtine burrough, 230–45. New York, NY: Routledge.

Billard, Thomas J, and Brian L. MacAuley. 2017. “‘It’s a Bird! It’s a Plane! It’s a Transgender Superhero!’: Transgender Characters in Marvel, DC, and Image Comics.” In Heroes, Heroines, and Everything in Between: Challenging Gender and Sexuality Stereotypes in Children’s Entertainment Media, edited by CarrieLynn D. Reinhard and Christopher J. Olson, 233–52. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. [Reviewed in Miller, Jennifer L. 2018. “Queer Theory.“ This Year’s Work in Critical and Cultural Theory 26, 265–84. doi:10.1093/ywcct/mby014]

Essays and Reviews

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “What Do Queers Do With Media? Two Different Visions of Media Power and LGBTQ Identity.” International Journal of Communication 13: 2073–77.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “The Crisis in Content Validity Among Existing Measures of Transphobia.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 47 (5): 1305–06. doi:10.1007/s10508-018-1191-x

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. Review of Transgender Communication Studies: Histories, Trends, and Trajectories, edited by Leland G. Spencer and Jamie C. Capuzza. Journal of Communication 66 (2): E11–E13. doi:10.1111/jcom.12224

Briefing papers and reports

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Why Transgender People Who Connect to One Another Are More Likely to Become Civically Engaged.” Scholars Strategy Network, October 5.

Bibliographies

Billard, Thomas J. 2019 [2018]. “TMS: A Bibliography of Transgender Studies in Media, Communication, and Technology.” https://www.thomasjbillard.com/tms

Scholarly Presentations

Academic Conference Presentations

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Activism(s) in Physical and Cyber Space: Technological Change and the Evolution of Activist Communication Practices.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Baltimore, Maryland, November 14-17.

Billard, Thomas J, and Rachel E Moran. 2019. “Networked Political Brands: Consumption, Community, and Political Expression in Contemporary Brand Culture.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Baltimore, Maryland, November 14-17.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Movement-Media Relations in the Hybrid Media System: A Case Study from the US Transgender Rights Movement.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the fifth International Journal of Press/Politics conference, Loughborough, United Kingdom, September 15-17.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Communication and Community Connectedness in Transgender Civic Engagement.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, August 29-September 1.

Nesfield, Sam, and Thomas J Billard. 2019. “Gender Priming’s (Limited) Effects on Public Opinion Toward Transgender Rights.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, August 29-September 1.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Networked Visibility: The Emerging Logic of Mediated Representation in the US Transgender Movement.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Out of the Tower and Into the Field: Fieldwork as Public Scholarship in the Face of Social Injustice.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Together We Rise: The Role of Communication and Community Connectedness in Transgender Citizens’ Civic Engagement in the United States.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “What is it to ‘Design’? The Variable Meanings of the Design Concept Among Media and Technology Professionals in an American City.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Rethinking Communicative Activism through the US Transgender Rights Movement.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, August 30-September 2.

Loup, Anna C., and Thomas J Billard. 2018. “Indexing Transgender Rights in US Media.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, August 30-September 2.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Setting the Transgender Agenda: Intermedia Agenda-Setting in the Digital News Environment.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Prague, Czech Republic, May 24-28. [WINNER: Top Student Paper, Political Communication Division]

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “The Influence of Pornography Viewing on Attitudes Toward Transgender People Among Men Who are Attracted to Transgender Women.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Prague, Czech Republic, May 24-28.

Loup, Anna C., and Thomas J Billard. 2018. “A Content Analytic Study of Media Indexing in the Context of Transgender Rights.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Prague, Czech Republic, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Development and Validation of the Attitudes Toward Transgender Men and Women Scale.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, March 1-3.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “‘Passing’ and the Politics of Deception: Transgender Bodies, Cisgender Aesthetics and the Policing of Inconspicuous Marginal Identities.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association, London, United Kingdom, January 10-12.

Billard, Thomas J. 2018. “Shifting Focus from Media Activism to Communication Activism.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association, London, United Kingdom, January 10-12.

Moran, Rachel E, and Thomas J Billard. 2018. “Towards Networked Branding: Communication and Political Citizenship in Contemporary Brand Culture.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association, London, United Kingdom, January 10-12.

Billard, Thomas J, and Brian L. MacAuley. 2017. “‘It’s a Bird! It’s a Plane! It’s a Transgender Superhero!’ Transgender Characters in Marvel, DC, and Image Comics.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Dallas, Texas, November 16-19.

Walter, Nathan, Thomas J Billard, and Sheila T. Murphy. 2017. “Rethinking the Framing Paradigm: An Experimental Case Study of the 2016 Orlando Shooting.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Dallas, Texas, November 16-19.

Billard, Thomas J. 2017. “Media System Dependency and Corrections to Transgender Political Misinformation.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, California, August 31-September 3.

Kelly, Ruthie, and Thomas J Billard. 2017. “Setting the Transgender Agenda: Intermedia Agenda-Setting in the Digital News Environment.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, California, August 31-September 3.

Billard, Thomas J. 2017. “Aesthetic Subsidy: Design Cuts and the Changing Labor of Graphic Designers in the Network Society.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montréal, Canada, August 12-15.

Billard, Thomas J. 2017. “Fast Friends? Differences in the Parasocial Effects of Binge-Watched Television Programs.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, San Diego, California, May 25-29.

Billard, Thomas J. 2017. “Digital Transitions: Investigating Content Differences in Legacy Press and Digital-Native Online News Coverage of Transgender Topics.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, San Diego, California, May 25-29.

Billard, Thomas J, and Rachel E. Moran. 2017. “Where are the American Panel Shows? A Comparative Study of Political Content in British and American Late Night Comedy Programmes.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association, San Diego, California, April 12-15.

Capuzza, Jamie C., Leland G. Spencer, Thomas J Billard, E. Tristan Booth, matthew heinz, Sarah Jones, and Lucy J. Miller. 2017. “Transing Communication Education: A Chorus of Voices for Innovating Transgender Pedagogy.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern States Communication Association, Greenville, South Carolina, April 5-9. 

Billard, Thomas J. 2017. “Branding Murder: The Ambivalent Participatory Politics of Transgender Day of Remembrance.” Paper presented at the Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference, Los Angeles, California, February 24-26.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “The Evolution of Transgender Women in Mainstream Comics.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Women’s Studies Association, Montréal, Canada, November 10-13.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “Ambivalent Identities in Transgender Political Advocacy.” Paper presented at the 1st annual Trans*Studies Conference, Tucson, Arizona, September 7-10.

Billard, Thomas J, and Ruthie Kelly. 2016. “Designed to Win: The Visual Identities of American Presidential Candidates.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 1-4.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “Constructing Transgender Identity in Restroom-Related Policy Debates.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 1-4.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “The Transgender Body as Artistic Creation: Journalists’ Aesthetic Evaluations of Transgender Identity.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Fukuoka, Japan, June 9-13.

Billard, Thomas J. 2016. “In a Wibbly-Wobbly Time and Place: Queer Temporality in the BBC’s Doctor Who.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association, Seattle, Washington, March 22-25.

Billard, Thomas J. 2015. “Writing in the Margins: Mainstream News Media Representations of Transgenderism.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21-25.

Academic Conference Panels

Billard, Thomas J, organizer and chair. 2019. “Rethinking (and Retheorizing) Transgender Media Representation.” Panel held at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, May 24-28.

Billard, Thomas J, chair. 2018. “The Moderating Role of Gender in Political Communication.” Panel held at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, August 30-September 2.

Invited Talks

Billard, Thomas J. 2019. “Movement-Media Relations in the Hybrid Media System.” Lecture from the George Washington University, Washington, DC, November 12.

Grants 

Annenberg Doctoral Student Summer Research Fellowship, 2019
$2,000: Research grant

Annenberg Doctoral Student Summer Research Fellowship, 2018
$2,500: Research grant

Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 2018
$500: Travel grant

Annenberg Doctoral Student Summer Research Fellowship, 2016
$2,500: Research grant

International Communication Association Political Communication Division, 2015
$300: Travel grant

International Communication Association, 2015
$100: Travel grant

Honors & Awards

Annenberg Endowed Fellowship (university-wide), 2019 – present

Annenberg Graduate Fellowship Research and Creative Project Award, 2019
$1,500: Research award

Center for Engaged Scholarship (CES) Fellowship, Finalist, 2019

ICA Political Communication Division Top Student Paper Award, 2018

Consortium on Media Policy Studies (COMPASS) Fellowship, 2017

Annenberg Graduate Fellowship Research and Creative Project Award, 2017
$1,000: Research award

Annenberg Graduate Fellowship Research and Creative Project Award, 2016
$500: Research award

Annenberg Graduate Fellowship, 2015 – present

George Washington University Board of Trustees Scholarship, 2010 - 2014

Sigma Alpha Lambda

Delta Phi Alpha

Teaching Experience

Instructor of Record

COMM 305: Understanding Social Science Research (USC), Summer 2019

COMM 204: Public Speaking (USC), Spring 2019

Teaching Assistant

COMM 305: Understanding Social Science Research (USC), Spring 2018

COMM 209: Communication and Media Economics (USC), Spring & Fall 2017

COMM 313: Communication and Mass Media (USC), Fall 2016

Guest Lectures

2019. “Communicating Expertise in Public Presentations.” Class lecture, PM 597: Capstone in Public Health from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, March 1.

2018. “Ethical Considerations in Social Science Research.” Class lecture, COMM 305: Understanding Social Science Research from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, April 12.

2018. “Rigor in Experimental Design.” Class lecture, COMM 305: Understanding Social Science Research from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, April 10.

2017. “News and Politics.” Class lecture, COMM 313: Communication and Mass Media from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, November 6.

2017. “Changing Media, Changing Effects.” Lecture, China Future Creative Class from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, January 11.

2016. “News and Politics.” Class lecture, COMM 313: Communication and Mass Media from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, November 7.

Professional Appointments

National Center for Transgender Equality, Archival Fellow, 2018

National Center for Transgender Equality, COMPASS Fellow, 2017

Volunteer Appointments

Freedom MA, Yes on 3, Assistant Logistics Coordinator, Jamaica Plain Field Office, 2018

Research Appointments

Trans Equality Archive at the National Center for Transgender Equality, Archivist, 2018

Civic Paths, Research Assistant, Spring 2018

EurekaFacts, LLC, Research Analyst, 2015

Research Affiliations

Centre for Printing History and Culture (University of Birmingham / Birmingham City University), 2018 – present

The Civic Imagination Project (USC), 2017 – present

Civic Paths (USC), 2016 – present

Civics and Social Media Research Cluster (USC), 2017 – 2019

Ethnography of Public Life (USC), 2018 – present

Metamorphosis Project (USC), 2017

Politics, Organizations, Ethnography, and Theory (USC), 2017 – present

Scholars Strategy Network, 2018 – present 

Scenario Lab (USC), 2016 – 2017

Transgender Global Health and Law Working Group (within USC’s Law & Global Health Collaboration), 2019 – present

Professional Memberships (current)

American Political Science Association (APSA)

American Sociological Association (ASA)

International Communication Association (ICA)

Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association (MeCCSA)

National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE)

National Communication Association (NCA)

Political Studies Association (PSA)

Service to the Profession

Committee Member

ICA LGBTQ Studies Interest Group Nominating Committee, 2018 – 2019

APSA Political Communication Division Executive Committee, 2017 – 2018

APSA Political Communication Division Nominating Committee, 2016 – 2017

Assistant Editor

International Journal of Communication, 2018

Journal Reviewer

Conference Reviewer

ICA LGBTQ Studies Interest Group

ICA Political Communication Division

ICA Popular Communication Division

ICA Visual Communication Division

Award Reviewer

Society for Personality and Social Psychology Undergrad Student Poster Award

Service to the Institution

Annenberg Communication Graduate Student Association (USC), Treasurer, 2016 - 2017

Professional Certifications

Adobe Certified Associate (ACA), Visual Communication using Photoshop, 2016